The overall objective of the uMngeni Resilience project is to reduce the vulnerability of these communities and small scale farmers in the UMDM to the impacts of climate change. This is to be achieved by increasing climate resilience and adaptive capacity by combining traditional and scientific knowledge in an integrated approach to adaptation. This will be enabled through implementing a suite of complementary gender-sensitive project interventions, focussing on: i) early warning and ward-based disaster response systems; ii) ecological and engineering infrastructure solutions specifically focused on vulnerable communities, including women; iii) integrating the use of climate-resilient crops and climate-smart techniques into new and existing farming systems; and iv) disseminating adaptation lessons learned and policy recommendations, to facilitate scaling up and replication. A number of sites were identified by the UMDM as demonstration sites for the project. Four sites were selected, based on the results of a vulnerability assessment, stakeholder consultations, and subsequent short-listing and ground-truthing through site visits. The sites are: i) low-lying high-density settlements; ii) the rural area of Ward 8 of Vulindlela, Msunduzi Local Municipality; iii) the rural farming area of Ward 8 of Swayimane, uMshwathi Local Municipality; and iv) the rural area of Ward 5 of Nhlazuka, Richmond Local Municipality.